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2020莫桑比克的德尔加多快速反应计划- 世界卫生组织(英文版)(24页).pdf

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    1、RAPID RESPONSE PLAN CABO DELGADO PROVINCE MOZAMBIQUE MAY - DECEMBER 2020 2 CABO DELGADO PROVINCE - MOZAMBIQUE Overview Map COVER PHOTO Carloto Rosario and her baby lost many of their belongings when Cyclone Kenneth hit Pemba in April 2019. Photo: UNICEF / De Wet # of IDPs by District (as of May 2020。

    2、) xx Mueda Montepuez Chiure Meluco Balama Namuno Ibo Ancuabe Palma Macomia Nangade Metuge Quissanga Muidumbe Mecufi Mocimboa Da Praia Cidade De Pemba TANZANIA NIASSA NAMPULA INDIAN OCEAN Maputo City Cabo Delgabo 5,717 15,703 10,077 526 637 2,125 4,299 1,192 135 13,892 15,845 33,749 18,992 30,620 20,。

    3、696 26,000 11,280 IPC Food Insecurity Phase 1: Minimal 2: Stressed 3: Crisis 4: Emergency 5: Catastrophe/Famine Not classified / no data available Source: IPC The designations employed and the presentation of material in the report do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of。

    4、 the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Displacement figures provided by IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) 3 RAPID RESPONSE PLAN 2020 Table of。

    5、 Contents 04 05 06 08 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 19 20 21 22 23 23 Foreword by the Humanitarian Coordinator Rapid Response Plan at a Glance Overview of the Crisis Response Strategy, Coordination, Capacity trafficking; exploitation, abuse and neglect; sexual and gender- based violence (GBV); sexua。

    6、l exploitation and abuse; child labour; child marriage; and exclusion and discrimination related to lack of documentation, land and property rights. As families face disruptions to their livelihoods and growing economic insecurity, the risk that they will resort to negative coping mechanisms will ri。

    7、se, especially for women and girls, including sexual exploitation, forced/early marriage, trafficking, child labour, illicit activities, and recruitment into armed groups. Psychosocial distress is also likely to have increased dramatically due to the trauma of consecutive crises, loss of family memb。

    8、ers and assets, displacement and precarious living conditions. On top of violence and climatic shocks, people in Cabo Delgado are now faced with potential humanitarian and socio-economic impacts due to COVID-19. The first case of COVID-19 was reported in Mozambique on 22 March 2020. As of 30 May, th。

    9、e country had recorded 254 confirmed cases. Cabo Delgado is disproportionately affected by the outbreak, with Pemba and Afungi registering more than 50 per cent of the overall caseload with 145 cases reported. During the outbreak, loss of livelihoods, limited access to education and challenges in th。

    10、e delivery of life-saving humanitarian assistance may force vulnerable populations to resort to negative coping mechanisms, as outlined above. Furthermore, a possible lockdown of the province and restrictions on imports could lead to higher prices for basic commodities (including fuel). The Humanita。

    11、rian Country Team in Mozambique has developed a separate Emergency Appeal for the COVID-19 response (May-December 2020), which incorporates both the public health response and action to tackle the most urgent secondary consequences of the outbreak. The appeal complements the Government of Mozambique。

    12、s National Plan for Preparedness and Response to COVID-19, which calls for US$260 million for the public health response, and the Governments Multi-Sectoral Preparedness and Response Plan. Maputo City Cabo Delgabo IPC Food Insecurity Phase 1: Minimal 2: Stressed 3: Crisis 4: Emergency 5: Catastrophe。

    13、/Famine Not classified / no data available xx Number of severely food insecure population 9K 40K 31K 52K 18K 7K 6K 13K 27K Mueda Montepuez Chiure Meluco Balama Namuno Ibo Ancuabe Palma Macomia Nangade Metuge Quissanga Muidumbe Mecufi Mocimboa Da Praia Cidade De Pemba TANZANIA NIASSA NAMPULA INDIAN O。

    14、CEAN Acute Food Insecurity (Oct 2019 - Feb 2020) 8 CABO DELGADO PROVINCE - MOZAMBIQUE Strategy and Coordination Under this Rapid Response Plan, humanitarian partners are planning to scale-up life-saving humanitarian assistance and protection to reach 354,000 people who have been impacted by violence。

    15、 and climatic shocks in Cabo Delgado, in close coordination with the Government of Mozambique. The Plan includes the reponse of UN agencies , international NGOs and national/local NGOs. Partners under this Plan will be guided by the humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and o。

    16、perational independence, as well as by a firm commitment to centrality of protection, inclusivity, gender, conflict sensitivity and community engagement. The Protection Cluster and HCT will advocate for all parties to abide by their obligations under international human rights law (IHRL) and interna。

    17、tional humanitarian law (IHL, including Guiding Principles on rights of Internally Displaced Persons) as well as national laws to ensure persons affected by violence have access to their basic rights, needs and safety. Humanitarian partners will take immediate steps to place communities at the centr。

    18、e of humanitarian action and decision-making, including through ensuring effective and transparent communication to enable informed decisions by affected communities; using feedback mechanisms to strengthen accountability and inform adjustments in the response, providing meaningful opportunities for。

    19、 community participation in humanitarian action. Prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse (PSEA) will be a central tenet of the response. The PSEA Network will serve as the primary body for coordination and oversight of activities related to protection from sexual exploitation and abuse by intern。

    20、ational and national personnel of UN, NGO entities and associated personnel involved in the response. The PSEA Network will provide technical support to the clusters, agencies and partners to ensure capacity building and community awareness on PSEA, access to safe reporting mechanisms and referral o。

    21、f SEA survivors to assistance services. Humanitarian partners are committed to doing no harm during the response, including in light of the COVID-19 outbreak that is underway in the province. In close coordination with Government authorities at national and provincial level, as well as through commu。

    22、nity involvement and participation, the Plan seeks to strike a balance between ensuring the continuity and scale-up of humanitarian response programming and the protection of affected people from increased transmission of the virus or the reduction or prolonged suspension of humanitarian programming。

    23、. Response Strategy, Coordination, Capacity strengthen government capacity; and strengthen coordination with INGC, provincial authorities and humanitarian partners in the province. At present, enhanced security and IT measures are required to ensure the redeployment of humanitarian teams to the dist。

    24、ricts in the coming weeks. Physical Access Constraint Map Road passable with restrictions Road Road -escort required Road access data source: WFP (as of Feb 2020) Airport with paved runway Airport with dirt runway Airport not functional Broken bridge INDIAN OCEAN TANZANIA NIASSA NAMPULA Mueda Palma 。

    25、Namuno Ancuabe Mocimboa da Praia Balama Montepuez Chire Pemba Meluco Macomia Quissanga Nangade Chapa Negomano 10 CABO DELGADO PROVINCE - MOZAMBIQUE Sectoral Needs coordination of services to ensure minimum humanitarian standards; and effective community engagement/communication through mobile CCCM t。

    26、eams. CCCM will provide information management and capacity-building support to both the government and the humanitarian community. Priority activities will include: Community engagement to ensure consultation with host communities and IDPs in the establishment of the new sites, in existing accommod。

    27、ation centres, informal settlements in host communities and in displacement locations; Capacity-building of Government counterparts and partners on minimum humanitarian standards and CCCM, including humanitarian reception management in displacement hotspots receiving influx of new arrivals; Site pla。

    28、nning and improvements, including plot demarcation, clearing and preparation of land, basic infrastructures and care and maintenance interventions to ensure adherence to the minimum humanitarian standardS; Coordination of service providers both at site and community level and using multisector appro。

    29、ach as per CCCM mandate and advocacy; Extension of the CCCM mobile approach in key receiving areas and displacement hotspots, to support reception management of new arrivals. Set up intra- and inter- site coordination structure, including information management systems in sites/communal settlements 。

    30、and across them to support the delivery of essential life-saving services. PEOPLE IN NEEDPEOPLE TARGETEDREQUIREMENTS (US$) 51K51K$2M 12 CABO DELGADO PROVINCE - MOZAMBIQUE Education PEOPLE IN NEEDPEOPLE TARGETEDREQUIREMENTS (US$) 98K56K$1.2M People in Need Attacks by non-state armed groups have destr。

    31、oyed more than 107 schools (including a teacher training centre) so far, affecting more than 56,000 children and almost 1,100 teachers.5 Many schools in areas receiving IDPs are struggling to accommodate newly arrived children, while in some areas there is no access to schools at all. Because of the。

    32、 increasing insecurity, and fear, many families and children (in particular girls because of gender based violence-GBV) are now on the run to or have already arrived in safer areas, mostly in relocation sites or they succeeded to find shelter with family support. Therefore, many children and teacher。

    33、s will not have a conducive teaching and learning environment during the State of Emergency, neither when schools will reopen, it will be easy to accommodate the influx of many new children and to provide quality education. Some of these schools where these children will go to, already suffered from。

    34、 the heavy rains, floods and storms in the rainy period 2019-2020. Furthermore, Cabo Delgado is the province where most of the COVID-19 cases have been confirmed and the current suspension of classes will have a negative impact on the access and quality of teaching and learning. Most children have n。

    35、o communication means to be taught at home or where they are living with families or in the relocation centres. As soon as classes are reopened, because of the damaged or poor school infrastructure and the migration of many families and children, temporary learning spaces (TLS), basic teaching and l。

    36、earning materials will be urgently needed at the locations where families have migrated to. The delivery of training on PSS, hygiene kits combined with awareness raising on child protection issues will be crucially important as well. If the suspension of classes continues, these trainings will be de。

    37、livered through distance mode or in small groups keeping physical distancing in consideration. In close collaboration with the Direco Provincial de Educao e Desenvolvimento Humano (DPEDH) and Servios Distritais de Educao, Juventude e Tecnologia (SDEJT) damaged classrooms will be restored where possi。

    38、ble with roofing sheets to help accommodate about 56,000 most vulnerable children attending classes. Highlights of the Response Priority activities will include: Establishment of at least 455 temporary learning spaces (TLS), as well as basic teaching and learning materials for more than 56,000 child。

    39、ren who have fled for insecurity. TLS will be installed in the most critical humanitarian hotspots, in coordination with Direco Provincial e Desenvolvimento Humano (DPEDH) and Servios Distritais de Educao, Juventude e Tecnologia (SDEJT). Delivery of training on PSS, hygiene, child protection, GBV, a。

    40、nd disaster risk reduction (DRR), including through distance modalities, during the suspension of classes for all teachers. Development and delivery of an integrated service package (education, health services, clean water and child protection and information on the prevention of and response to COV。

    41、ID-19), in close collaboration with provincial and district authorities, health, WASH and child protection partners, concentrating on locations where the majority of displaced families are sheltering. Where possible, just before reopening of classes, TLS will be installed and teaching and learning m。

    42、aterials will be delivered in the most critical humanitarian hotspots to be selected by the Direco Provincial e Desenvolvimento Humano (DPEDH) and Servios Distritais de Educao, Juventude e Tecnologia (SDEJT). Elsewhere where there is no insurgency, damaged classrooms will be restored where possible 。

    43、and needed with roofing sheets. 13 RAPID RESPONSE PLAN 2020 PEOPLE IN NEEDPEOPLE TARGETEDREQUIREMENTS (US$) 335K245K$10.8M Food Security health workers in affected districts have fled for safety; and health facilities have been destroyed or vandalized. Across the province, it is difficult to impleme。

    44、nt COVID-19 preventive and response measures due to overcrowding in IDP sites and recurrent displacement of people due to the frequent attacks. Contact tracing of the suspected cases is difficult in this environment. Water systems have been destroyed in Mocimboa da Praia, making handwashing and sani。

    45、tation not possible, which are key in the COVID-19 prevention and response. Moreover, lack of Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs) remains a challenge. The risk of increased disease outbreaks in Cabo Delgado is high due to poor hygiene practices and poor access to clean water and sanitation faciliti。

    46、es, which are increasingly overstretched due to the influx of IDPs into relatively better served areas. Since January 2020, many cases of diarrhoea have been reported from different districts of Cabo Delgado. A confirmed cholera outbreak has been reported from five districts of Ibo, Macomia, Mocimbo。

    47、a da Praia and Pemba since the end of January 2020. Over 960 cases and 15 deaths due to cholera had been reported by the end of May 2020, according to tests undertaken by provincial authorities. Highlights of the Response Due to the humanitarian impacts of violence, insecurity and heavy rains/floods。

    48、, there is an urgent need to provide IDPs and host communities with comprehensive and quality health services, including Mental Health and Psychosocial Services (MPHSS). Mobile Health Brigades and static health teams to support overstretched facilities. Hiring additional nurses to ensure all women, 。

    49、girls and their new-borns have access to quality, life-saving, sexual and reproductive health services, as the country faces a shortage of human resources, especially in maternal and child health. Procuring, pre-positioning and providing essential medical supplies as well as ensuring training of health staff in proper and timely case management in cholera treatment centres. The impact will be measured by tracking the percentage decrease in the number of reported cholera cases or diarrhoeal diseases。

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